Eestimaa kurtide elu läbi aegade

1864 First deaf children receive education.   Vändra Ernst Sokolovski
1866 First deaf school was founded.   Vändra Ernst Sokolovski
1899 First deaf newspaper "Kurttummade Sõber" („Deaf-Mutes’ Friend“).   Vändra Constantin Hörschelmann
1903 First deaf marriage.   Tallinn Karl Luht and Marie Luht
1909 Officially unregistered secret association.   Tartu unknown
1918 Republic of Estonia.      
1922 Estonian Association of the Deaf and Tallinn Association of the Deaf were founded.   Tallinn Luht, Tomson, Kalm
1923 Deaf people were working in a cement factory.     Advokaat Jüri Kalm (kuulja)
1924 First deaf sportsman participated in the Olympic Games for hearing people.   Paris Voldemar Noormägi
1925 Pärnu Society of the Deaf Vaata (’Look’) was founded.   Pärnu Heinrich Kals

1928

The Association’s cement factory Liiva-Betoon (’Sand-Concrete’) was founded.   Liiva Eduard Kalm
1928 A late-deafened person applied for exemption of dog tax.   Tallinn Karl Luht, Eduard Kalm
1930 Saaremaa Society of the Deaf was founded.   Kuressaare Karl Luht
1931 The Association’s cement factory Liiva-Betoon (’Sand-Concrete’) was closed.   Liiva Eduard Kalm
1931 South Estonian Society of the Deaf Sõprus (’Friendship’) was founded.   Tartu Karl Siitas, Alfred Tohvri, Aarl Anon and Karl Luht
1932 Narva Society of the Deaf Valgus (’Light’) was founded.   Narva Osvald Vages, August Reisberg, Johannes Reimann, Klaara Jõesaar, Gleb Shukovm, Oskar Tõnurist
1933 First meeting of the Saaremaa Society of the Deaf.   Kuressaare Johannes Lember
1933 First Estonian Congress of the Deaf-Mutes.   Tallinn  
1934 Second Estonian Congress of the Deaf-Mutes.   Tartu  
1934 Some deaf people from Tallinn compiled the manual alphabet.      
1934 Temporary board of the Association – writing protocols and statutes.      Tallinn Three people from Tallinn and three from outside
1935 Deaf people were exempted from radio tax.   Tallinn Evald Martinson
1935 Third Estonian Congress of the Deaf-Mutes.   Pärnu  
1935 Collection for E. Sokolovski’s  gravestone.   Tallinn Karl Luht
1936 Ratifying the statutes of the Association and foundation of the Estonian Association of the Deaf.      
1936 Fourth Estonian Congress of the Deaf-Mutes.   Vändra  
1936 The gravestone for E. Sokolovski was opened.   Vändra Karl Luht
1937 Fifth Estonian Congress of the Deaf-Mutes.   Tallinn  
1940 Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic (ESSR).      
1940 ESSR Centre of the Deaf-Mutes.      
1945 First Congress of the ESSR Centre of the Deaf-Mutes.      
1945 Viljandi County department of the ESSR Centre of the Deaf-Mutes was founded.   Viljandi Nikolai Rull
1945 Pärnu company of the ESSR Association of Deaf-Mutes was founded.   Pärnu Ervin Reima
1947 Tartu company of the ESSR Association of Deaf-Mutes was founded.   Tartu Aleksander Tammet
1952 Official posts were established for sign language interpreters.      
1955 Tallinn company of the ESSR Association of Deaf-Mutes was founded.   Tallinn  
1958 ESSR Society of Deaf-Mutes was founded.      
1962 ESSR Society of the Deaf-Mutes Tartu department’s new club and boarding house were opened.   Tartu Mihkel Migasto
1962 Tartu Deaf and Blind secondary school offered distance education.   Tartu  
1964 First deaf students obtained secondary education.   Tartu 6 students
1964 ESSR Society of Deaf-Mutes in Tallinn opened a new club and a company.   Tallinn  
1975 First driving licences.   Tallinn Ants Maidla, Aavo Ristlaid, Ants Juhkama
1975 ESSR Society of Deaf-Mutes in Pärnu opened a new club, gym, and a company.   Pärnu  
1988

A sign language dictionary „Kõnelevad käed“ (’talking hands’) was published. A broadcast „Silmside“ (’eye contact’) was first shown on ETV.

  Tallinn Regina Paabo
1991 The Republic of Estonia regained its independence.      
1992 Estonian Association of the Deaf became a member of the World Federation of the Deaf.   Tallinn Ants Maidla
1993 Fourteenth Congress of the Estonian Association of the Deaf. That was the last congress. Later meetings of the association were held.   Tallinn Ants Maidla
1996 Sign language interpretation service was started.      
1998 The news started to be interpreted into sign language on TV.   Tallinn Viipekeele tõlgid
2003 Annual reunion of pensioners in Estonia   different places  Alfons Kuusk
2006 Conference „140 Years of Deaf Education“   Vändra and Tallinn Triin Jõeveer, Argo Purv, Maret Õun
2007 Conference dedicated to the 85th anniversary of the Estonian Association of the Deaf. WFD president Markku Jokinen participated in the conference.   Tallinn Volli Pärnla
2007 Estonian Sign Language was officially recognised (Language Act). Preparation for the recognition of the sign language 2000-2007.    

Estonian Association of the Deaf, Estonian Association of Parents with Hearing Impaired Children, Estonian Association of Sign Language Interpreters, Institute of the Estonian Language, Estonian Institute of Humanities, Tallinn School of the Deaf

2007 Estonian Association of the Deaf was admitted to the European Union of the Deaf.   Berlin Volli Pärnla
2009 News in Estonian Sign Language started to be broadcast on TV.   Tallinn Tiit Papp and Epp Ehand from Estonian National Broadcasting
2010 Estonian troupe participated for the first time in the The European Deaf Arts and Culture Festival SALVIA   Ljubjana, Slovenia Maret Õun, Jelena Bolshedonova